– Reception centres report that they have experienced a negative development with more young people in the last six months. It’s all about sleep problems, school refusal, frustration, social isolation, depressed mood, aggression and acting out. It does not mean that it is so on all the receipt, but it is the sum of the feedback we have received, ” says fagsjef in the UDI, the Noble Grønningsæter Pallum.
Ombudsman and a number of organisations have called varsku long as the situation for unaccompanied refugee minors living in Norwegian reception. UDI is also very concerned about.
– It is also reported about cases of self-harm, and we know that there recently have been several suicide attempts in the reception centre for unaccompanied minor asylum seekers. We take this very seriously, and the reception has initiated various measures to help young people. Among other things, the number of employees increased, each youth will receive closer follow-up, it offered several activities, and we work closely with child welfare, school, police and health service, says Pallum.
Sent a letter of concern
In november of last year sent UDI a letter of concern to the ministry of Justice and public security:
“the Lack of follow-up, and low degree of voksenkontakt over time is very unfortunate with regards to the individual’s development and vulnerability.”
UDI will that the ministry is reviewing current practices suggest that no people with a limited residence permit being resident:
“the UDI believes that it is unfortunate that children have more years of their life on hold in the reception, when they have a permission that gives the right to be in Norway. This promotes good integration, and also can create fertile ground for challenges both at the individual and community levels.”
UDI has still not received any response from the ministry.
Problems with midlertidighet
In 2016, the increased use of temporary residence permit to unaccompanied minor powerful. Almost everyone who got the temporary stay comes from Afghanistan. One of the reasons why fewer afghan minors get permanent residence, due to the fact that the UDI did a new assessment of the security situation in Afghanistan in the last year. No provinces are no longer seen as so precarious that afghan asylum seekers cannot be sent back. In addition, the Parliament in the last year to remove the “rimelighetsvilkåret” for internflukt – which means that the afghans who come from unsafe areas can be sent back to another province without that it is assessed whether this is reasonable or not. The increased use of temporary residence permits looks set to continue in 2017. In January got 98 unaccompanied minors a temporary permission.
– It is a violently high number and just shows that there are no signs of improvement. The dramatic developments we saw in 2016 continues with full force in 2017. We, the guardians and many other organizations have called varsku long. Now there must be done something, ” said Camilla Scharffscher Engeset, a special adviser at save the Children to Dagsavisen yesterday.
In the near future to UDI provide answers to 900 unaccompanied minors who came to Norway during the flyktningkrisen in 2015. The majority are between 16 and 17 years of age. UDI estimates that 70 per cent of them will get a temporary stay.
Disappears from the reception centre
Norwegian newspaper Dagsavisen has written several cases about the problems that occur when young asylum seekers with an uncertain future, will stay at the reception for a long time. A few weeks ago told Usman Ali Khan that their children are getting progressively worse to live in uncertainty. Khan is barnevernspedagog and employed by a care center for asylbarn.
– They are becoming more and more closed and stop after each to mingle with the others. Some people are also paranoid, and believe they will be sent out of the country. The thing that worries me the most is that they are so young. The children feel that there is something wrong with them. They don’t understand what a limited permit is and believe they have been rejected. Several of the children follow on the news or hear about others who have been rejected and been sent out. We are all the time worried that they will disappear.
Khan and the other who works at omsorgssentrene have spent a lot of time tracking down children that are lost. He has even experienced that the children in the age of 12 have disappeared. Khan believes the current practice only brings problems.
– We feel that the government is working against us. The longer the time passes before these children get a permanent home, the longer it will take before they are integrated in Norwegian society. We see this daily. Those who get the residence change rapidly. They get Norwegian friends and a completely different samfunnsforståelse. Those who will stay at the centers will not arrive in time with their lives. To be on the center is in itself associated with frustration and uncertainty. We spend a lot of time to comfort the children, ” says Khan, adding:
– Omsorgssentre to be a temporary offer. Now we have examples of children who have been living in two years. They do not get experience to be part of a family and broken down.